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基于普通机床的后托架及夹具设计开发   论文
双击自动滚屏 文章来源:   发布者:jsjlw99   发布时间:2009/7/6 12:47:08   阅读:3084
基于普通机床的后托架及夹具的设计开发
 
 
摘要:机床后托架的是机床上的一个重要零件,因为其零件尺寸较小,结构形状也不是很复杂复杂。但因为其尺寸精度、几何形状精度和相互位置精度,以及各表面的表面质量均影响机器或部件的装配质量,进而影响其性能与工作寿命,因此它的加工工艺的确设计也是非常关键和重要的。
在制定工艺过程中,可将其分为两部分,即工艺设计部分和夹具设计部分。要确定各工序的安装工位和该工序需要的工步,加工该工序的机车及机床的进给量,切削深度,主轴转速和切削速度,该工序的夹具,刀具及量具,还有走刀次数和走刀长度,最后计算该工序的基本时间,辅助时间和工作地服务时间。对于夹具的设计,车床后托架镗、铣、钻等工序使用了专用夹具和定位方案,此类夹具的特点是针对性强、结构紧凑、操作简便、生产率高。从而保证夹具操作方便、夹紧力可靠、使用安全、并有合理的装卸空间。本设计中将书本理论和实际使用要求相结合,完成了车床后托架的加工工艺规程的设计。
  
 
 
关键词:  工序 工艺 工步 定位方案 夹紧力
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Based on the general machine tool and fixture brackets after the design and development
 
 
      
Abstract: Bracket machine after machine is an important part, because of its smaller size components, structural shape is not very complicated complex. But because of its size precision, accuracy and geometry mutual positioning accuracy, and the surface quality of the surface have affected parts of the machine or assembly quality, thereby affecting its performance and working life, it is the design of processing is also a very crucial and important.
In the development process, can be divided into two parts, namely, process design and fixture design of the part. To identify the processes of the installation process and the need for further processing and the process of Locomotive Machine feed rate, depth of cut, and cutting speed spindle speed, the process of fixture, knives and measuring tools, and walk the knife cutting the number and length of the final calculation of the basic processes of the time, work time and support to serve time. Fixture for the design, bracket after boring lathe, milling, drilling processes for the use of the fixture, the characteristics of such fixture is targeted strong, compact, easy to operate, high productivity. Thus ensuring fixture easy to operate, reliable clamping, the use of safe and reasonable working space. The design will use books theoretical and practical requirements of the integration of the lathe after the completion of the processing order bracket design.

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